When you update CentOS and there is a new kernel CentOS will install the new kernel but not remove the old kernel, this can become problematic when you have a very small
/boot partition so it is a good idea to remove the old kernels that are no longer needed. Please note that if you have a large
/boot partition it is not necessary to delete the old kernels.
Before deleting any of your old kernels make sure that you are booted onto the latest installed kernel.
We can see the available space in the
/boot mount by executing
df -h /boot/
[[email protected]]# df -h /boot/ Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 1014M 122M 893M 12% /boot
As you can see my system has already been removed of the old kernels, your results will be different.
To check which kernels you have installed on your box you need to execute the command:
[[email protected]]# rpm -q kernel kernel-3.10.0-229.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.20.1.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.11.1.el7.x86_64
In this case, the latest kernel is
kernel-3.10.0-229.11.1.el7.x86_64 so we need to make sure that the system is booted using this kernel. To confirm which kernel our system is running, run uname to confirm.
[[email protected]]# uname -r 3.10.0-229.11.1.el7.x86_64
After we verify that we have the latest kernel installed and we are currently booted on it we can begin to remove the old kernels.
Before we start that though, we need to install the
yum-utils which has the required package (
package-cleanup) to remove the unused kernels.
Let’s install it with:
[[email protected]]# yum install yum-utils -y
Once this has been installed, to remove the old kernels we have to execute the
The package cleanup command has options, the two main ones that we are going to use are
--count=(number) option can be added to state which kernels need to be removed, and for this case we are going to say we want to cleanup all old kernels other than the one installed. For my sake I want to leave one old kernel on the system so I will use the option
--count=1. If you would like to remove ALL old kernels you can do that with the option
I personally believe that it is a good idea to leave one old kernel as a backup so I will execute this command:
[[email protected]]# package-cleanup --oldkernels --count=1
Once this has finished executing, we can verify that all of the old kernels have been removed by running the
[[email protected]]# rpm -q kernel kernel-3.10.0-229.20.1.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.11.1.el7.x86_64
If you have any comments of questions, please use the comment box below and I will do my best to help out.
Thank you for the help.
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